Sleep turned out to have contributed greatly to the growth and development of children. Due to the busyness of parents working until late at night, many extracurricular activities outside of school hours, and the lifestyle of the family, the children were forced to postpone his sleep over the night, get up early, lost hour nap. Things seem trivial, but a big impact for the future of the child. Quality sleep helps children become happier, healthier, and smarter.
Parents need to understand the importance of quality sleep for the development of the child, it is necessary to understand the benefits of sleep, how healthy sleep patterns, and what may happen in children who sleep less, both physically and psychologically. Actually sleep equal to the charging energy to keep the brain working with the conscious and concentration because sleep optimizes focus simultaneously relaxing the body and soul at the same time. Quality sleep means sleep within a reasonable time, without interruption, and awoke in fresh condition, ready to absorb new things in order to learn to explore their world.
During sleep, even when dreaming, brain cells grown offset hard work when the child is awake. Enough sleep makes the body fit and more stable emotionally. Conversely, children who sleep less durability will be more susceptible to disease, obesity, and mental emotional disorders such as depression and anxiety disorder. Obesity is closely associated with narcolepsy-cataplexy syndrome, especially in adolescents who experience hypocretin deficiency. Which fulfilled the needs of his children proved to have a level of intelligence better and more creative. To condition a child with developmental neurological disorders such as Down's syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, autism or cerebral palsy, trouble usually at the beginning start to sleep and maintain a restful sleep.
The average length of hours of sleep differs according to the age of the child, also vary according to the activity and the condition of each, for example:
- Newborns can sleep up to 23 hours per day - but usually they need to sleep more than 11 hours per day, on average, at the age of 1 month they need to sleep up to 17-hour per days, waking up every 4 hours, day or night.
- Infants aged 1-3 months on average 7.5 hours of sleep during the day and 7.5 hours at night
- Infants 3-6 months of age begin to decrease hour nap up to an average of 6 hours (2 or 3 times a nap), while the portion of the longer nights sleeps up to 9 hours.
- Infants aged 6-12 months should sleep about 4 hours during the day (2 times the nap), with a long night's sleep about 10 hours.
- Infants aged 1-4 years shorter sleep time, about 12 hours a day, sometimes at the age of 3-6 years they have not wanted to take a nap, depending on their habits in the family.
Minimize distractions such as the lights are too bright, noise or mosquito bites. Overcoming attacks by installing mosquito netting, select tools or mosquito repellent that is safe for children. Make sure the sleeping baby we lasted safe; quiet without interruption, so that sufficient quality for optimal growth and development.